New Canadian Media

Commentary by: Phil Gurski in Ottawa

Sometimes, small things point to large changes.

During my short visit last week to Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, I had the opportunity to sit down with one of that country’s leading political scientists to talk about terrorism and PVE – i.e. Preventing Violent Extremism, the newest iteration of CVE – Countering Violent Extremism.

We had a wide-ranging chat in his book-lined office and I also learned that he had studied at Carleton University in Ottawa just before I became a sessional instructor in linguistics at that institution.  Small world indeed. Our conversation was very illuminating, especially when it came to the topic of a shift in Islamic influence in Bangladesh.

So, what was that ‘small thing’?  You may see this as insignificant, but I think it speaks volumes.  There is apparently a tendency in Bangladesh these days to replace the everyday phrase ‘khoda hafez’ (literally ‘may God protect you’ but colloquially used to mean ‘goodbye’) with ‘allah hafez’. 

The difference, of course, is the substitution of the Arabic word for God (‘Allah’) for the Persian one (‘khoda’). 

This tiny shift is nothing less than a sign of the invasion of conservative, intolerant Sunni Islam into the former East Pakistan (more on that later).

The growing dominance of Salafi Sunnism is fairly recent and worrisome.

Bangladeshi Islam has traditionally been Sunni of the Hanafi school with an important influence from Sufi interpretations of the faith.  The growing dominance of Salafi Sunnism is fairly recent and worrisome.  Several terrorist attacks and assassinations have been attributed to Salafi jihadists in the past few years. 

The victims have come from communities which the Salafis see as enemies (in truth, a very long list): Sufis, Shia, non-Muslims (Hindus, Christians), gays…  Perhaps the most serious attack – in what has been called Bangladesh’s ‘9/11’ – was the July 1, 2016 massacre of non-Muslims at a cafe in Dhaka, an operation masterminded by a Canadian terrorist from Windsor, Ontario.

The uptick in violence has many Banglas worried.  Everyone with whom I spoke – government agencies, the UN, academics – are all concerned about where this violence is headed. 

And, it is not only among the Salafi jihadis that violence is being promoted.  Political parties too are jumping on the bandwagon.  It does not help that power in the country has been seesawing over the past decade between two female-led parties that routinely gang up on the other once in office.  The current government, led by the Awami League, has also given in to some outrageous ideas by radical Islamists, such as a demand to remove a statue of Lady Justice from the grounds of the Supreme Court. This ‘dalliance’ with extremists is not helpful.

The apparent sanction of violence in the name of religion threatens to lead to more deaths. 

Bangladesh faces a difficult decision in the run up to national elections next year.  The government of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina can continue to do deals with the Salafis in order to court their support, but this will only cause more hardship and maintain the transformation of tolerant Bangladeshi Islam to intolerant Salafism. 

At the same time, the regime has to confront the serious Islamist extremist (i.e. terrorist) threat, but must do so while keeping human rights in mind.  The elite Rapid Action Battalion, a counter terrorism body, has been criticised by some rights groups for extra-judicial killings and disappearances.

Bangladesh was born in a bloody civil war in 1971 when the former East Pakistan split from what we now call Pakistan.  The powers that be in Islamabad were not too happy with the independence desires of the eastern half of a country – geographically separated by India in between – and engaged in a slaughter whose victims are estimated at anywhere from 300,000 to three million people. 

In fact, trials of those responsible for the massacre are still being held these days.  It would be truly tragic if another wave of violence is on the horizon. 

But back to that change in ‘goodbye’.  Salafis hate the Shia more than any other group and believe that the only good Shia is a dead one.  Their intolerance has even extended to rejecting a Bangla phrase that contains a Farsi (Persian) word (recall that most Persians are Shia Muslims) for an Arabic one (NB linguistically this  makes little sense: Bangla and Farsi are related Indo-European languages whereas Arabic is a non-related Semitic language). 

This may sound silly and trivial, but sometimes we do have to pay attention to the small things in life.


Phil Gurski worked in the Canadian intelligence community for more than 30 years.  His latest book, The Lesser Jihads, will be published on September 15.

Published in Commentary

New Delhi (IANS): Following the diplomatic blitzkrieg launched by New Delhi, Pakistan is virtually getting isolated in the region with Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan joining India in boycotting the annual Saarc Summit scheduled to be hosted by Islamabad in November. “Due to increased level of violence and fighting as a result of imposed terrorism on […]

-- Delivered by Feed43 service

Indo-Canadian Voice

Read Full Article

Published in South Asia
Thursday, 05 May 2016 19:15

How Well Do We Know Our Kids?

Commentary by Hasan Zillur Rahim in San Jose, California
 
Five days after the bodies of Golam Rabbi, 59, and Shamima Rabbi, 57, were discovered at their home in San Jose, California, about three hundred friends and relatives gathered at the Five Pillars cemetery in Livermore on a Friday to bury the couple. With the sun on our back and a brisk breeze blowing, we prayed for their forgiveness and salvation as the bodies were lowered into the grave next to one another while the Imam recited verses from the Quran.
 
Police have charged the couple’s two sons, Hasib Golamrabbi, 22, and Omar Golamrabbi, 17, with homicide. Both pleaded not guilty to the April 23 murders at their arraignment.
 
I knew the Rabbis for over two decades as Bangladeshi immigrants who worshiped at the same mosques. We were members of the Evergreen Islamic Center, where Golam, an engineer, and Shamima, an accountant, volunteered their services. Soft-spoken, humble and generous, they radiated peace. Friends sought Golam’s advice on how to grow the perfect apple or peach, drawing on his extensive knowledge of gardening. He often brought his two sons to the mosque to pray next to him. Although I found them rather reserved, nothing seemed amiss or foreboding.
 
Ever since 9/11, Muslim-Americans have been stereotyped as jihadists and extremists, and found themselves in the cross-hairs of politicians and presidential candidates like Donald Trump, who would stand to gain from such labeling. We have been under siege for home-grown terrorists like those responsible for the 2009 Fort Hood shooting, the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings and the San Bernardino attacks in 2015.
 
But this macabre murder is a darker development in which young people have allegedly turned on their own family. Every parent’s nightmare is that their children will kill themselves due to depression, anxiety, stress, or emotional rage, or get killed in gang fights, or wind up in jail, or most frighteningly, run away to join ISIS, as did a teenager from Virginia last year.
 
Added to these fears now is the fear of violence being turned on the family itself, causing a despair bordering on fatalism.
 
A week after the killings, a few Bangladeshi-American families in the Evergreen area met to try to make sense of what had happened. After a lot of anguished back and forth, we concluded that we only had a superficial relationship with our children, other than constantly worrying about them. We led our lives and they led theirs, with the occasional intersection that didn’t mean much. We didn’t know what animated them, whether they felt alienated from us, or what they wanted to do with their lives. 
 
[W]e concluded that we only had a superficial relationship with our children,
 
In the end, we resolved to be more involved in the lives of our children, not as parents but as friends. And not just with our kids, but with the kids of our community. 
 
It is impossible to fathom what Hasib and Omar had been thinking prior to their alleged roles in the killings. A recent Instagram posting by Omar offers a clue: “I always hated myself. Not sure what I am doing here.” 
 
Another clue scrawled on the wall and the floor of the Rabbi home (police have matched the writings to the brothers) is yet more chilling: “Sorry my first kill was clumsy,” and, “I can’t be like you telling a lie … I can’t love someone without telling them.”
 
While the Quran does not directly address the issue of patricide and matricide, it talks extensively about mercy and forgiveness. “My mercy encompasses all,” says a verse, complemented by a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: “My (that is, God’s) mercy takes precedence over My anger.” Another verse states: “If one is patient in adversity and forgives, this indeed is something to set one’s heart on.”
 
In the end, we resolved to be more involved in the lives of our children, not as parents but as friends.
 
But while mercy and forgiveness are pertinent for the wider public, it should be remorse and repentance for the alleged perpetrators. The Quran says: “Those who committed evil deeds and then repented afterwards, surely your Lord is forgiving and merciful.”
 
Are the sons feeling any remorse? Are they repenting?
 
We have no way of knowing, unless they themselves disclose what is in their hearts.
 
No matter how noble the instincts of mercy, forgiveness and repentance may be, however, they will not override the imperatives of justice. San Jose Deputy District Attorney Matt Braker has said, “there are some unanswered questions to this case. Police are working tirelessly to answer those questions and to ensure that both of these victims receive justice."
 
So what can we do as we await the trial? Perhaps the answer is contained in one of the verses that the Imam recited after we had buried the Rabbis: “Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear.”
Hasan ZIlur Rahim is a professor of Mathematics at San Jose City College. He emigrated from Bangladesh to the U.S. four decades ago.
 
− by arrangement with New America Media
Published in Commentary

  Niloy Neel was attacked at his home in the city’s Goran area.
He is the fourth secularist blogger to have been killed this year by suspected Islamist militants in Bangladesh.
Imran [...]

-- Delivered by Feed43 service

The Link

Read Full Article

Published in South Asia

Brought to you by Centennial College A former broadcast journalist in her home country of Bangladesh, Farzana Shammi experienced her fair share of sexism. There were few female journalists in the country, and even fewer female filmmakers — a career Shammi was always interested in transitioning to. Now in Canada, Shammi is making a name […]...

-- Delivered by Feed43 service

Canadian Immigrant

Read Full Article

Published in Arts & Culture

by Sharif Hasan (@sharifhasan80) in Ottawa

Canadian retailers and governments appear to have learned some lessons following the tragic Rana Plaza Factory collapse in April 2013, but much more is needed to protect the health and safety of garment workers overseas, say Canadian activists.

The accident, considered to be the worst in garment industry history in the world, killed more than 1,110 people and injured around 2,500 in Savar, on the outskirts of the Bangladesh capital city Dhaka. April 24 marks the second anniversary of the collapse.

Some of the Canadian retailers that source their textile products from the factories in Bangladesh came forward to help the victims and their families immediately after the disaster.

The retailers, as well as the Canadian government, have also launched some initiatives to establish a safe working environment for the millions of workers in Bangladesh, but labour and human rights organizations and activists feel that a great deal of work is yet to be done.

Canadian Retailers’ Social Responsibility

Emily Norgang, a senior researcher at the Canadian Labour Congress, the national voice of the Canadian labor movement, says Canadian retailers need to play a more active role.

“All the Canadian brands that import garments from Bangladesh should not forget their social responsibility. They must come forward to contribute to the Rana Plaza fund,” she says.

[O]nly one Canadian company – Loblaws – has contributed to the fund, out of the 130 Canadian retailers that buy garment products from the factories in Bangladesh.

After the collapse, an international trust fund was created to support the survivors and the families of those who died in the accident. The fund reached $21 million US, but is still $19 million short of its target.

According to the Rana Plaza Donors Trust Fund list, only one Canadian company – Loblaws – has contributed to the fund, out of the 130 Canadian retailers that buy garment products from the factories in Bangladesh. 

Bangladesh is the second largest garment exporter in the world. More than four million people work in the apparel sector and 80 per cent of them are women. Most of the workers earn an average of $68 US per month.

Fight for Compensation

Repon Chowdhury is the Executive Director of the Bangladesh Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Foundation, an NGO dedicated to workers’ rights. He says a lot of money is needed to run the compensation and rehabilitation program.

Almost two years have passed, but the victims’ families haven’t received the compensation money yet. There are more than 2,000 permanently disabled workers who have to be taken care of as well,” he explains.

After the Rana Plaza tragedy, international retailers and labour unions developed two major initiatives to prevent a similar catastrophe.

One is the Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety and the other is the Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety. Both agreements are aimed at ensuring garment products are being sourced from regularly audited and unionized factories.

At present, the Accord includes 166 international retailers, while the Alliance includes 26 from North America.

“We have our responsibility towards the workers who make clothes for the Canadians. We must not turn a blind eye to the welfare of millions of workers in Bangladesh.” - Emily Norgang, Canadian Labour Congress

The majority of Canadian retailers have not responded to the call of the international labour organizations to join the agreements as well.

Out of the 130 Canadian retail companies with ties to Bangladesh, only Loblaws and Brüzer Sportsgear Ltd have signed the Accord.

“We have our responsibility towards the workers who make clothes for the Canadians,” Norgang says. “We must not turn a blind eye to the welfare of millions of workers in Bangladesh.”

Norgang adds that the Canadian government should step forward to make the retailers behave more responsibly.

“The government has to insist the retailers disclose the names of the factory suppliers and the workers’ safety and welfare related information.”  

Canadians Should Demand Regulations

New Democratic Party (NDP) Member of Parliament (MP) Matthew Kellway represents the Bangladeshi-Canadian populated Beaches-East York riding in Toronto and says the government must intervene to establish ethical sourcing of textile products.

Kellway visited the Rana Plaza site last year and was moved by the suffering of the low-paid garment workers.

He tabled a motion in Parliament in May 2014, asking for information with regard to suppliers of garments and textiles imported from other countries.

He says he was surprised to find that more than a dozen federal government departments and agencies, such as the Department of National Defence, the Canadian Armed Forces and the Canadian Coast Guard had no clue where their uniforms came from.

There should be laws to monitor the global supply chain of the retailers so that factories without proper safety measures cannot operate. That’s how we can try to prevent another Rana Plaza tragedy.” - Matthew Kellway, NDP MP

The government must make a policy that ensures that Canadian retailers and government agencies are not buying any clothes that are made in an unsafe factory or by using child labour, he adds.

“We must ensure there is transparency and accountability in the sourcing of garment products,” he says. “There should be laws to monitor the global supply chain of the retailers so that factories without proper safety measures cannot operate. That’s how we can try to prevent another Rana Plaza tragedy.”

Kellway commends the government’s participation in an international effort to improve working conditions in the ready-made garment sector of Bangladesh, saying it is a good step.

The International Labour Organization is implementing a project jointly funded by Canada, the Netherlands and the U.K. to provide rehabilitation and skills training for the Rana Plaza victims and to also help Bangladesh build its capacity to ensure the factories are safe.

The Canadian government could put pressure on Bangladeshi garment manufacturers and exporters by setting a standard that they must meet if they want to qualify for Canada’s existing tariff concession program, Kellway explains.

Under the tariff concession program, Bangladesh and other developing countries enjoy an 18 per cent duty advantage for apparel export in Canada.

“This is not to put Bangladesh in trouble but to create a pressure on the factory owners so that they make a serious effort to improve working conditions for the workers,” Kellway says.

“This will also give a message to the retailers that the Canadian government wants them to play their part in creating safe and appropriate working conditions in Bangladesh. It’s a long way and we all must act.”


 

This content was developed exclusively for New Canadian Media and can be re-published with appropriate attribution. For syndication rights, please write to publisher@newcanadianmedia.ca

 

Published in International

Bangladesh’s Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) leader Mohammad Kamaruzzaman was hanged late on Saturday for atrocities committed during the country’s 1971 Liberation War, hours after authorities allowed family members to meet him one last time.

The 65-year-old Jamaat leader, whose execution seemed imminent, was hanged at the Dhaka Central Jail at 10 p.m., bdnews24.com reported citing Dhaka Metropolitan Police Commissioner Asaduzzaman Mia.

Indo-Canadian Voice

Read Full Article

Published in South Asia
Monday, 26 January 2015 08:55

OPartheeb: In Search of Roots

by Sharif Hasan (@sharifhasan80) in Ottawa

Kicked out of the house where they held jamming sessions because neighbours complained of too much noise. No place to practise. No car to carry the modest number of instruments they had. But none of that could stand in their way.

They are five young musicians, who make up the Ottawa-based Bengali musical band, OPartheeb, and their come-up story is one of passion and perseverance. It drove them to find their roots through music.

Asfin Haidar, one of the band’s vocalists says music has greatly connected them, not only with each other, but also a wider group of Bangladeshi Canadians.

“For me it’s a rediscovery of myself. I don’t want a name, fame or money. It gives me a certain meaning to my life,” she shares.

To date, the band members have not received any payments from any shows, nor have they been able to produce their own album yet, though they are working on one.

“Our spirit was renewed by the Shahbag Movement that took place back home in February last year. ... We are now more committed to doing music that upholds our culture and history.” - Salehin Chowdhury

One of their tracks, “Roktorin”, has been included on a mixed album titled Songs from Shahbag, which features patriotic songs from Bangladeshi artists and bands residing all over the world. The album’s songs are reflective of The Shahbag Movement, a non-partisan movement carried out by pro-liberation online activists, student bodies and members of the Bangladesh civil society who demand capital punishment for the war criminals of the country’s War of Independence in 1971. Keeping with this theme, Opartheeb’s track, the title meaning “blood debt”, urges the Bangladeshis to wake up once again and fight until the war criminals are annihilated.

“Our spirit was renewed by the Shahbag Movement that took place back home in February last year,” says Salehin Chowdhury, the band’s lead guitarist and vocalist. “We were so moved and shaken by the phenomenon. We are now more committed to doing music that upholds our culture and history.”

Connections through music

OPartheeb’s band members all met while studying at Carleton University, though they were each in different programs. Three of them came to Canada as international students, while the other two came here with their parents as young kids and grew up in Ottawa.

“Music brought us together,” says Syed Ahsan Ali, the band’s bass guitarist, whose younger brother Syed Adnan Ali plays the drums. “I didn’t know them quite well. I saw them on campus occasionally, but we never hung out. One day we talked about music and that changed everything.”

During a cultural event organized by the Carleton University Bangladeshi Students Association in 2008, Ahsan Ali  and Aad-Yean Faisal, another fellow Bangladeshi student, met Chowdhury, who came to Carleton to do his Masters in Statistics; he learned music back home. When Chowdhury first arrived in Canada, he was homesick and discouraged, but music helped change that.

Watch OPartheeb perform at a culture show hosted by Carleton University Bangladeshi Students Association:

After realizing their like-minded interests in music, the three students decided to form a group. Soon after Adnan Ali joined them.

“We started, but we had nothing,” explains Adnan Ali. “We saved every penny to buy a guitar, a drum set or a piece of equipment. We had to take bus to practice in the basements of our houses. People complained about the noise and we had to shift our locations. It [was] a lot of struggle.”

In addition to their music, they had to juggle the demands of part-time jobs to support themselves and their schoolwork. But they didn’t give up, thanks to their love for music, their language and culture.

“I did night shifts at a gas station and saved money for buying a keyboard for the band,” says Faisal, who is a keyboardist and vocalist. “And it’s paid off. Members of our community want us to play, they want us to promote our culture within the community and beyond.”

Breaking new ground

Today, OPartheeb plays all kinds of Bengali music ranging from folk songs to Tagores to modern day band music, along with the band’s original compositions.

The group took to the stage for the first time in February 2009. The performance at the Bangladesh Student Association’s annual program was a huge hit.

“I can’t stop imagining it – playing in front of a crowd of 20,000 people in Dhaka or Chittagong.” - Salehin Chowdhury

Since then OPartheeb has done 14 shows, including shows at Carleton and ones organized by various local Bangladeshi social and cultural organizations. The band members agree their appearance at Ottawa’s South Asian Cultural Festival in 2012 has been the biggest break so far.

OPartheeb plans to tour and perform for Bangladeshi communities in major cities across Canada, but it is a shared dream of all the members to be able to perform in Bangladesh one day: “I can’t stop imagining it –,” says Chowdhury, his eyes lighting up as he speaks, “… playing in front of a crowd of 20,000 people in Dhaka or Chittagong.”

This content was developed exclusively for New Canadian Media and can be re-published with appropriate attribution. For syndication rights, please write to publisher@newcanadianmedia.ca

Published in Arts & Culture
Friday, 16 January 2015 12:31

NCM NewsFeed: Weekly Newsletter Jan. 16

In this edition: migrant detentions + how politics in Bangladesh is affecting Canadians + Charlie Hebdo fallout + Canadian bilingualism + much more


 

NCM NewsFeed

 

Here and Now

Among our headline stories this week is a riposte by John G. Stackhouse in Vancouver on the Charlie Hebdo outrage and the resultant debate about free speech. Stackhouse is of the view that any compromise of free speech can play into the agenda of the powerful, so we must compromise free speech only with the greatest reluctance. The only alternative to free speech is completely correct speech. And only fanatics believe that they infallibly both recognize and utter only completely correct speech, he wrote, and came to this conclusion: “Je ne suis pas Charlie. The cartoons I have seen from that publication strike me as sophomorically cruel and stupidly unfunny. But should they be allowed to be published? Bien sûr.”

In another commentary piece, Corinne Cécilia argues that bilingualism is what sets Canada apart from the rest of North America. It has historically been the strength of our nation, says Cécilia and suggests that newcomers can help arrest the current decline in the number of bilingual people in Canada. “Not only do immigrants tend to support bilingualism as an integral part of the Canadian identity, many also wish to learn French.” 

Kicking off our mentoring program as part of NCM’s efforts to air “new voices,” Carleton University journalism student Sharif Hasan writes about the political turmoil that hit Bangladesh in the new year and its grim fallout. Canadian spring fashion is one of the areas likely to be affected, says Hasan. Seriously.

Canada’s migrant detention system coming under fire is the focus of Cherise Seucharan’s article on allegations of inhumane treatment plaguing the Canadian Border Services Agency. She writes about the demonstration held outside a Toronto detention centre to show solidarity with migrants and the call for an end to the system in which they can be held in legal limbo for many years.

Ripples

Catching our attention was an interview given by Irwin Cotler, the veteran human rights lawyer and MP from the Montreal riding of Mount Royal. He warned that the Paris attack on a Jewish supermarket was an omen of terror to come. “Anti-Semitism, as it always has been, remains the canary in the mineshaft of evil,” he said in an interview at The Jerusalem Post office in Israel. “And, while it begins with Jews, it doesn’t end with Jews.” Cotler also warned against “sanitizing anti-Semitism,” urging world leaders to identify Jew-hatred as such. “If people sanitize anti-Semitism, then they’ll be sanitizing terrorism,” he said.

Staying with Israel, foreign funding for politicians there seem to undermining Diaspora ties, says a report. As long as it is publicly accepted and legal for Jews from around the world to donate to political candidates in Israel, the unhealthy dynamic between Israel and the Diaspora will continue unabated, it said. The role of Jews from around the world in Israeli politics has been the third rail of Israel-Diaspora relations.

Talking of diaspora role in politics, Irish citizens living overseas will have to wait further to be able to vote in presidential elections back home.  A referendum on whether to permit them is “unlikely” to be held this year, Minister of State for the Diaspora Jimmy Deenihan has said. Speaking to The Irish Times after a round-table discussion on diaspora affairs in Dublin Castle yesterday, Mr Deenihan said “logistically it would be very difficult” to hold as two other referendums are to be held. The diaspora strategy review, due to be brought to Cabinet on January 27th, features a series of “action-driven” initiatives including “an orientation course on what it is to be Irish” for young people with a connection to Ireland, similar to the Israeli Taglit-Birthright scheme which has seen more than 400,000 young Jewish people visit Israel over the past 15 years.

Following the example of more established national groups, representatives from the Somali diaspora in Canada were among those attending a conference in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, called by the Office for Diaspora Affairs of Somalia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Investment Promotion. The conference is being supported by AMISOM, the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) and Rwanda’s government. “Your country needs you now more than ever before, and you owe it to the millions of Somalis who didn’t have the privilege and opportunity to leave Somalia and have been holding the fort, recognise them and make your contribution,” the Special Representative of the AU Commission Chairperson (SRCC) for Somalia (SRCC) and Head of AMISOM, Amb. Maman Sidikou, told the participants.

Beginning April 1, it will be a different kind of participation with their ancestral land for Jamaicans residing in Canada.  From that day they will be able to participate in trading and other related activities of the Jamaica Stock Exchange. The bourse is set to receive authorization from Canada which will benefit the over 300,000 persons of Jamaican descent and origin. State Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Arnaldo Brown said the arrangement will also give Canadians the opportunity to play in the Jamaican stock market.

For real play, the kind kids indulge in, a charity funded by the Ukrainian diaspora in Canada is enabling students to study English and have some fun skiing during their holidays at the Bukovel ski resort in the Carpathian Mountains. From play to the diaspora’s need for entertainment and news from “back home.” The “spirit of a new Africa” will soon be available to viewers in Canada with the launch of EbonyLife TV, a 24-hour-a-day channel for a global Black audience.

Harmony Jazz

Coverage on the Paris shootings and its implications continue. Some of the better commentary includes this which says it is no “Clash of Civilizations” but a struggle within Islam. The political implications, particularly with the far right spreading its wings over Europeasylum-seekers testing the limits of tolerance;, and a boost support for Dutch anti-Islam populist Wilders were also in focus. And for those who link the Paris attacks to multiculturalism, a reminder that France’s political elite never champion its virtues  Lastly, the Guardian has this article on drawing the prophet: Islam’s hidden history of Muhammad images.

And in an example of well-meaning but ultimately patronizing justification, a Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) official in New Delhi makes a ruling that keeps a child separated from his parents because an immigration officer feels the toddler is better off ‘culturally, linguistically’ in India than with parents in Canada. Citizenship laws also grappled with some of the new reproductive technologies and the definition of parenthood with respect to surrogacy in IVF babies born in India. Meanwhile, the debate between academic freedom and what many would consider offensive views continues with New Brunswick academic Ricardo Duchesne saying Asian immigration damages Vancouver, a “beautiful British city.”

Back Pocket

Savour this only-in-Canada news. Technology that could have solved the mystery of the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 is currently used by only one airline in the world: First Air, which flies in the Canadian Arctic. The system, made by Calgary tech company FLYHT Aerospace Solutions, has been around for about five years.

For something different, an interesting analysis on the ideologies of Canadian economists, according to Twitter



With that, have a great weekend and don’t forget to look up the next edition of NCM NewsFeed every Friday! If you’d like to subscribe to our to-be-launched e-mail version of this newsletter, please click here.

Publisher’s Note: This NewsFeed was compiled with input from our Newsroom Editors and regular columnist, Andrew Griffith. We welcome your feedback.

Follow us on:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Published in Top Stories

by Sharif Hasan (@sharifhasan80) in Ottawa

If the latest spring fashions are not in store to cheer Canadians at the end of yet another dreary winter, little noticed events in Bangladesh could be a plausible reason.

The South Asian country finds itself in the midst of another political standoff in the New Year affecting all economic activities including the export of garments for popular brands.

Trouble began when the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) announced a rally to observe the first anniversary of last year’s January 5 election, which it boycotted, as “Death of Democracy Day”.

The government, led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her Awami League party, which was planning a “Victory Day of Democracy” to mark the occasion, responded by banning the protest and locking up BNP leader Khaleda Zia in her office. Violent clashes between activists of the ruling party and the BNP ensued leading to several deaths. 

“It’s so frustrating! We have our family and friends there. Anyone can get killed or wounded anytime,” said Salehin Chowdhury, an employee of Statistics Canada. “The economy was thriving, but the political turmoil is going to spoil everything.”

These fears are justified as the political unrest has been hurting industry badly, especially the garment sector, which has been struggling to meet buyers’ deadlines. Around 80 per cent of the country’s export earnings come from garments.

“The Rana Plaza disaster in 2013 put our garments industry into big trouble, but with help from government and other organizations we have slowly recovered. And now this political unrest has created new pressure for us.” - Abu Talib, President of Zubi Fashion 

The country’s GDP growth was estimated at 6.1 per cent for the fiscal year ending with June 2014, half a percentage point higher than what the Asian Development Bank had projected. For 2015, the projection is higher at 6.4 per cent on the hope that private sector investment will pick up given some political stability.

“If we cannot meet the buyers’ deadlines, we’re going to lose it all again,” said Abu Talib, the President of Zubi Fashion, who lives in Montreal and operates a buying house in Dhaka. “The Rana Plaza disaster in 2013 put our garments industry into big trouble, but with help from government and other organizations we have slowly recovered. And now this political unrest has created new pressure for us,” Talib added.

The tragedy Talib referred to was the collapse of a building housing many garment factories that killed 1,129 people. It got prominent media attention here in Canada as many local fashion brands were being produced in these factories.

Economists estimate that a day's shutdown of economic activity shaves 0.9 per cent off the country’s gross domestic product a year at market price. Political unrest, like the current standoff, also affects foreign remittance and foreign direct investment. Last year the economy could have done better, but for 53 strikes and 19 blockades.

History of violent politics

Unfortunately, this year looks no better as both the warring parties seem unable to overcome their history of confrontational and violent politics. The BNP wants fresh elections to be held under a non-partisan caretaker government, while the Awami League insists it will continue in office for its entire term that is to end in 2019.

According to the constitution of Bangladesh, the general election is held after every five years. Following a Supreme Court judgement, the caretaker government system was repealed in 2011 and Awami League remained in power when the election was held in January 2014.

Awami League leaders have been saying that BNP made a mistake by not participating in the election and now will have to wait four more years.

Prime Minister Hasinahas dismissed the possibility of any dialogue with the BNP, saying the party was just trying to save war criminals in the name of a political movement.

As there are no signs of any moves to solve the political crisis, the people of Bangladesh are bracing for more trouble in the days to come. While the projected economic pickup seems unlikely, Canadians would understand that missed fashion deadlines are of lessor concern under these circumstances.

The war criminals issue has been at the heart of the confrontation between the two parties ever since the country’s violent birth in 1971. The unsettled questions include the one about who was on which side in the movement for liberation from Pakistan.

To settle those questions the Awami League government in 2008 set up war tribunals that have dispensed speedy verdicts including the death sentence to several in the senior leadership of the anti-Liberation Jamaat-e-Islami party and life terms to others including BNP leaders. Predictably, these verdicts have proved divisive.

By using the state power, Awami League has so far been successful to foil the political programs of BNP, but it has not been able to restore law and order in the country.

The BNP on its part has failed to convert its struggle into a mass movement and has alienated itself from majority of the public because it is in league with the Jamaat. The corruption charges against its leader’s elder son, Tareq Zia, is another factor against it.

While Awami League enjoys popular support by being the party that helped gain independence, members of the civil society are critical of its handling of last year’s election. With almost all other major parties boycotting the election, the Awami League  won 154 of the 300 parliamentary seats uncontested and went on to form a government for the second consecutive term with two-third majority.

As there are no signs of any moves to solve the political crisis, the people of Bangladesh are bracing for more trouble in the days to come. While the projected economic pickup seems unlikely, Canadians would understand that missed fashion deadlines are of lessor concern under these circumstances.


An M.A. English Literature graduate from the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, Sharif Hasan became a campus journalist while doing his undergraduate degree there. He worked as the Social and Cultural Affairs Editor at the weekly Aajkal, a Bangladeshi-Canadian community newspaper based in Toronto for a year before moving to Ottawa this September. Sharif is now doing his Master’s in Journalism at Carleton University. He continues to contribute to Bangladeshi dailies in English, namely The Daily Sun and Dhaka Tribune.

This commentary was produced under NCM's mentoring program, which pairs immigrant journalists with NCM Editors.

This content was developed exclusively for New Canadian Media and can be re-published with appropriate attribution. For syndication rights, please write to publisher@newcanadianmedia.ca

Published in South Asia
Page 1 of 2

Poll Question

Do you agree with the new immigration levels for 2017?

Yes - 30.8%
No - 46.2%
Don't know - 23.1%
The voting for this poll has ended on: %05 %b %2016 - %21:%Dec

Featured Quote

The honest truth is there is still reluctance around immigration policy... When we want to talk about immigration and we say we want to bring more immigrants in because it's good for the economy, we still get pushback.

-- Canada's economic development minister Navdeep Bains at a Public Policy Forum economic summit

Zo2 Framework Settings

Select one of sample color schemes

Google Font

Menu Font
Body Font
Heading Font

Body

Background Color
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Top Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Header Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Mainmenu Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Slider Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Scroller Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Mainframe Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Bottom Scroller Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Breadcrumb Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Bottom Menu Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image

Bottom Wrapper

Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image
Background Color
Modules Title
Text Color
Link Color
Background Image